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Q46H/83 Potassium Permanganate Monitor

The Q46H/83 Potassium Permanganate monitor consists of two main components, an electronic display unit and a chemistry module.

For pricing please call AFC International at 800-952-3293, 219-987-6825 or fax 219-987-6826 or email



The Q46H/83 Potassium Permanganate monitor consists of two main components, an electronic display unit and a chemistry module. The chemistry module contains sample and reagent pumps, sample handling systems, and the gas sensor that provides the final measurement. An inlet overflow assembly attached to the bottom of the chemistry module is where the inlet sample line and drain line are connected. Sample inlet flows of 250-100 ml/min are recommended to keep systems response time to a minimum. Reagent bottle holders are supplied so that reagents can be wall mounted below the chemistry system.

Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4) is a strong oxidizer used in the water industry for reduction of organics in raw water. It is also used for control of zebra mussel problems at raw water intake structures. Continuous monitoring of low permanganate concentrations allows operators to adjust chemical feed rates and achieve target values. Chemical feed problems that result in either too little or too much residual can be quickly identified and corrected. Continuous monitoring of potassium permanganate in treated water presents sensor contamination issues. When permanganate reacts with organics or other reducing materials in solution, manganese dioxide (MnO2) is formed and readily plates out on sensing electrode surfaces. The resulting deposits degrade the measurements and can be difficult to clean.

The Q46H/83 eliminates this problem by employing a measurement method in which the sensor never comes into contact with the sample. In operation, water conditioning permanganate is mixed with pH buffer and potassium iodide solutions. Permanganate oxidizes the iodide to iodine (I2) and the resulting I2 is stripped out of solution and measured using an I2 gas sensor. The “gas phase” measurement technique eliminates the MnO2 sensor fouling, resulting in a system capable of providing long term reliability.

The electronics module can be mounted near the chemistry unit or up to 100 feet away depending on installation requirements. Permanganate concentration is displayed on a large format back-lit LCD with a second alpha-numeric line below to indicate other operating parameters. Three SPDT alarm relays and two 4-20 mA outputs are provided, and digital communication are available.

The Q46H/83 Potassium Permanganate Monitor employs ATI’s Auto-chem chemistry module to provide chemical treatment of the sample, air stripping of the released iodine, gas sample conditioning and iodine gas measurement. In operation, a small amount of sample is pumped from an overflow assembly into the chemistry system and mixed with pH 4 buffer and potassium iodide (KI) solution.

2MnO4 + 6I = 3I2 + 2MnO2

The treated sample flows into an air-stripping chamber where a controlled amount of air removes the iodine from the water sample. The air coming from the top of the stripping chamber is directed to a gas conditioning module which removes any excess water and then to a flowcell containing the iodine gas sensor. The iodine gas sensor is an amperometric membraned sensor that generates current in proportion to the amount of iodine in the gas stream. Since the gas sensor is only in contact with clean air containing iodine, sensor fouling due to contaminants in the sample is eliminated.


Q46H/83 “Gas Stripping” permanganate analzyers consist of two main components, the Auto-Chem chemistry module and a separate electronic unit (Q46H) that provides the permanganate concentration display and various outputs. AC power is required for both components and a 25 feet interconnecting sensor cable is supplied. The two components can be separated by up to 100 feet, if desired.

Q46H Monitors provides a large format concentration display with a second alpha-numeric lower line for secondary information. The monitor provides two standard 4-20 mA analog outputs and three SPDT relays. If desired, one analog output can be configured for PID control use. In addition, the monitor provides options for digital communications including Profibus-DP, Modbus-RTU and Ethernet-IP.

Auto-Chem chemistry systems include peristaltic pumps for sample and reagents, air supply for the stripping system and gas conditioning components. All components are easily accessible from the front of the unit making service quick and easy. Attached to the bottom of the enclosure is an inlet overflow chamber where sample and drain connections are made. A sample flow rate of 5-20 gallons per hour (300-1200 ml/min) is recommended.

For pricing please call AFC International at 800-952-3293, 219-987-6825 or fax 219-987-6826 or email


  • Gas Phase Sensing
  • Standard Method
  • Analog Output Options
  • Chemistry Module Power Options
  • Three Control Relays
  • Digital Communications Options
  • Large, Back-lit LCD display


Display Range 0-2.000 or 0-20.00 ppm
Accuracy ±0.005 ppm
Repeatability ±0.002 ppm
Linearity 05% of FS
Zero Drift < 0.005 ppm per month
Power 100-240 VAC ±10% 50/60 Hz
Analog Outputs Two isolated 4-20 mA, 500Ω load maximum
Relays Three SPD, 6A@250 VAC, 5A@24 VDC
Display 4 digit, 0.75″ numeric LCD with 12 digit second line, LED back light
Enclosure NEMA 4X (IP-66) Polycarbonate, V-0 flammability
Operating Temperature -4 to 140ºC
Weight 2.5 pounds

Chemistry Monitor Specifications

Sensor Type Membraned Iodine Gas Sensor
Sensor Cable 25 foot standard, 100 foot maximum
Response Time 95% in 3 minutes
Sample Pump Internal tubing pump, 7 cc/min
Acid Pump Internal tubing pump, 0.1 cc/min
Air Supply Diaphragm air pump with precision flow control
Air Stripping Chamber Teflon
Inlet Sample Flow Rate 5-20 GPH at inlet overflow assembly
Sample Inlet ¼” id Hose Barb
Sample Drain ½” id Hose Barb
Power 115 or 230 VAC
Operating Temperature 2 to 50ºC
Enclosure Kydex with acrylic cover, V-0 flammability
Weight 15 pounds

Ordering Information

For pricing please call AFC International at 800-952-3293, 219-987-6825 or fax 219-987-6826 or email

Catalog No.
Model Q46H/83 Permanganate Monitor, 115 VAC, 50/60 Hz G46H/83-1-0
Model Q46H/83 Permanganate Monitor, 115 AC, 50/60 Hz, Profibus-DP Q46H/83-1-2


Q46H/83 Potassium Permanganate Literature

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